[11] Beorhtric died in 802, and Ecgberht came to the throne of Wessex, probably with the support of Charlemagne and perhaps also the papacy. Fletcher assumes that Ecgberht spent essentially all Beorhtric's reign in Francia; see Fletcher, P. Wormald, "The Age of Offa and Alcuin", p. 128, in Campbell, Translation is based on Swanton; note that, P. Wormald, "The Ninth Century", p. 139, in Campbell. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. [23], In 815 the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Ecgberht ravaged the whole of the territories of the remaining British kingdom, Dumnonia, known to the author of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as the West Welsh; their territory was about equivalent to what is now Cornwall. During the late 8th century, when King Offa of Mercia (reigned 757-96) ruled most of England, Egbert lived in exile at the court of Charlemagne. [14] Nothing more is recorded of Ecgberht's relations with Mercia for more than twenty years after this battle. [33] According to a later chronicler, Roger of Wendover, Ecgberht invaded Northumbria and plundered it before Eanred submitted: "When Ecgberht had obtained all the southern kingdoms, he led a large army into Northumbria, and laid waste that province with severe pillaging, and made King Eanred pay tribute." [7], Offa of Mercia, who reigned from 757 to 796, was the dominant force in Anglo-Saxon England in the second half of the eighth century. Ecgberht of Northumbria was the son of King Aelle. [12] The extent of Offa's control of Kent between 765 and 776 is a matter of debate amongst historians, but from 776 until about 784 it appears that the Kentish kings had substantial independence from Mercia. These distractions may have prevented Louis from supporting Ecgberht. [36], Ecgberht's dominion over southern England came to an end with Wiglaf's recovery of power. [25], In 829 Ecgberht invaded Mercia and drove Wiglaf, the king of Mercia, into exile. According to a note in the margin, "this king Ealhmund was Egbert's father [i.e. And the same year King Egbert conquered the kingdom of Mercia, and all that was south of the Humber, and he was the eighth king who was 'Wide-ruler'. ‡ Also monarch of Wessex, Kent, Sussex and Mercia. He was succeeded by his son Aethelwulf, the father of Alfred. He is succeeded by his son Aethelwulf. Beornwulf's motivation to launch an attack would have been the threat of unrest or instability in the southeast: the dynastic connections with Kent made Wessex a threat to Mercian dominance. Offa of Mercia however, made Beorhtric king instead. Museum number 1893,1204.150 | Producer … His father was Ealhmund of Kent. [21], The Chronicle's version of events makes it appear that Baldred was driven out shortly after the battle, but this was probably not the case. [11] Offa did have influence in the southeast of the country: a charter of 764 shows him in the company of Heahberht of Kent, suggesting that Offa's influence helped place Heahberht on the throne. Athelstan is tasked with interpreting and preserving the many scrolls of Roman parchment. Under the year 825, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states that in his eastern … 470 The Coinage of Ecgbeorht, 802-jg King of Wessex, On Ecgbeorht's fourth group the West Saxon form of the name, ECSBEORHT (with round G), is adopted and this form, as Brooke suggests, may be taken as an indication that the engravers at Canter-bury were increasingly under the supervision of men from Wessex. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. The text says "iii" for three, but this may have been a scribal error, with the correct reading being "xiii", that is, thirteen years. According to some accounts, Charlemagne arranged Raedburh's marriage to Egbert in the year 800. During the ninth century, Winchester began to show signs of urbanisation, and it is likely that the sequence of burials indicates that Winchester was held in high regard by the West Saxon royal line.[49]. Egbert has been called 'the first king of all England', a rather grand claim which depends on how you define 'Britain'. Ecgbert's descendants ruled Wessex and, later, all of England continuously until 1013. [45] Both the record of the Council of Kingston, and another charter of that year, include the identical phrasing: that a condition of the grant is that "we ourselves and our heirs shall always hereafter have firm and unshakable friendships from Archbishop Ceolnoth and his congregation at Christ Church. In some cases a king will appear on a charter as a subregulus, or "subking", making it clear that he has an overlord. Ecgberht of Wessex, king of Wessex †839 Notes Notes individuelles [48], Ecgberht was buried in Winchester, as were his son, Æthelwulf, his grandson, Alfred the Great, and his great-grandson, Edward the Elder. In 829 he defeated Wiglaf of Mercia and drove him out of his kingdom, temporarily ruling Mercia directly. Wessex retained control of the south-eastern kingdoms, with the possible exception of Essex, and Mercia did not regain control of East Anglia. [45] The kingship of Wessex had been frequently contested among different branches of the royal line, and it is a noteworthy achievement of Ecgberht's that he was able to ensure Æthelwulf's untroubled succession. [26] The Chronicle tells how Ecgberht followed up his victory: "Then he sent his son Æthelwulf from the army, and Ealhstan, his bishop, and Wulfheard, his ealdorman, to Kent with a great troop." [12][13], Another Ecgberht, Ecgberht II of Kent, ruled in that kingdom throughout the 770s; he is last mentioned in 779, in a charter granting land at Rochester. When Ecgberht, King of Wessex was born in 0775, in Wessex, his father, Ealhmund of Kent, was 25 and his mother, Princess of Kent name unknown, was 13. Egbert regained his kingdom in 802. Wiglaf's return is followed by evidence of his independence from Wessex. Beorhtric's reign lasted sixteen years, and not thirteen; and all extant texts of the Chronicle agree on "iii", but many modern accounts assume that Ecgberht did indeed spend thirteen years in Francia. The list is often thought to be incomplete, omitting as it does some dominant Mercian kings such as Penda and Offa. A document from Kent survives which gives the date, March 826, as being in the third year of the reign of Beornwulf. [14], Ealhmund does not appear to have long survived in power: there is no record of his activities after 784. Egbert (also Ecgberht or Ecgbert) (c.770– July 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death. According to the Chronicle, the East Anglians asked for Ecgberht's protection against the Mercians in the same year, 825, though it may actually have been in the following year that the request was made. Family tree for Ecgberht, son of King Aethelred the Unready showing: parents In 826 Beornwulf invaded East Anglia, presumably to recover his overlordship. He is reputed to be the father of King Egbert who was King of Wessex and, later, King of Kent. In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile to Charlemagne's court in the Frankish Empire by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. They were the parents of at least 1 son and 1 daughter. Historians do not agree on Ecgberht's ancestry. Having saved Athelstan from a cross - the monk having been crucified for apostasy - Ecbert regards Athelstan as a kindred spirit, and one versed in Latin. When Æthelwulf died in 858 his will, in which Wessex is left to one son and the southeastern kingdom to another, makes it clear that it was not until after 858 that the kingdoms were fully integrated. Ecgberht was born in the time frame 769-780. It may have been delayed until 829, since a later chronicler associates the expulsion with a campaign of Ecgberht's in that year against the Mercians. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. [28][37][44] The archbishop of Canterbury, Ceolnoth, also accepted Ecgberht and Æthelwulf as the lords and protectors of the monasteries under Ceolnoth's control. the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia. There is general concensus amount the Anglo-Saxon Chroniclers that Ealhmund of Kent ruled as King of Kent at least in the year 784, when he issued a royal charter and that Egbert of Wessex (c769-839) would become the King of Wessex and the descent of English Royalty traces thru him. Ealhmund was King of Kent in 784. He was the son of a Kentish noble but claimed descent from Cerdic (reigned 519-34), founder of Wessex, the kingdom of the West Saxons in southern England. Egbert (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. He married Osburga Oslacsdotter in 0855. This victory gave Ecgberht control of the London Mint, and he issued coins as King of Mercia. This demonstration of independence on East Anglia's part is not surprising, as it was Æthelstan who was probably responsible for the defeat and death of both Beornwulf and Ludeca. Egbert (Ecgberht in Anglo Saxon) king of Wessex (802-39), and the first Saxon king recognized as sovereign of all England. He was slain, however, as was his successor, Ludeca, who invaded East Anglia in 827, evidently for the same reason. Aella was born in 824, and was the grandson of Earl Oswald of Lothian.Aella became the king of Northumbria after the deposition of King Osberht of Northumbria, and he seized Billingham, Ileclif, Wigeclif, and … He married Rædburh of Francia in Wessex. It seems likely that Ecgberht had no influence outside his own borders, but on the other hand there is no evidence that he ever submitted to the overlordship of Cenwulf. His father was Ealhmund of Kent.In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. Ealhmund of Kent was born on an unknown date to Eafa of Wessex . 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