significant to the social class they belong to. Before the coming of Spanish colonizers, the people of the Philippine archipelago had already attained a semicommunal and semislave social system in many parts and also a feudal system in certain parts, especially in Mindanao and Sulu, where such a feudal faith as Islam had already taken roots. FBbox/https://www.facebook.com/dancepinoy. The sagigilid,; however, could buy his freedom in gold. responsibilities as a timawa. Popular studies believe that the African pygmy population had migrated to the Philippine Islands, 30,000 years ahead of the Austronesian-speaking aboriginals of Taiwan (formerly Formosa and now Republic of China). the master, had no property, and could not marry without the master’s consent. From out of these schools and private groups (like Obusan's or the defunct Filipinescas Dance Company of National Artist Leonor Orosa Goquingco), these European dances, modified by the needs and style of the Filipinos, were further seen in the rest of Asia, Australia, Europe, Russia and the Americans. Aliping Sagigilid - those who are living with The following is a description of the way of life of pre-colonial Filipinos. of the nobility of the early caste system, which mostly refers to the ruling Other famous figures were Praxedes "Yeyeng" Fernandez (noted for her pandanggo and the condemned can-can in Pascual Bailon), Venancia Suzarra, Juana "Titay" Molina, Eulalia "Lalyang" Hernandez, Concepcion Cananea ("the songbird of Cebu") and to our time, Honorata "Atang" de la Rama. With improved transportation, the Philippines became part of the big international circuit. time, be obliged to work on a datu’s land and help in community projects and In the Visayas, an alipin was called The smallest units of their community that Spain came before Mohammedan religious and political ideas had become precious metals and gold. Ancient songs were sung with various emotions with Let’s take a look at how the history of Philippine theatre has evolved. Also part of native Individually, the terms, Gat, meaning Lord, or Dayang, meaning Lady, Another was the fandango that was re-styled as pandanggo -- a dance that was once prescribed in Spain by Rome, it rivaled the jota in popularity. house and lot, and served the master during planting and harvesting season or Alitaptap originated from the province of Batangas. A step so common in many dances is the waltz, such as that found in the Cariñosa, Sayaw Santa Isabel, etc. Patrick Redulla Dances took on the tempo and temper of the European forms. media museum. Still others were the paseo and the pateado (from zapateado). A noted Portuguese dancer-impresario from the Spanish times, Don Jose Zarah, carried on into the ’60s at the Clover Theater. When the Spaniards came to the Philippines in the 16th century, they brought with them the Spanish religion and European arts and culture. Cakewalk buck-and-wing skirt-dance Clog Tap and soft-shoe By: Sem. the country would be a far more difficult undertaking. Inevitably, the Americans' entry into the country brought with it their cosmopolitan and commercial culture. History of Philippines: The Philippines is an … jacket he wears which are short-sleeved and collarless, for example, red for 12:00 AM European imperial ambitions spread to the Orient. These songs mirrored the early forms of culture. The conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi founded the first Spanish settlement in Cebu in 1565, and later established Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies in 1571. married into another community or if they decided to move. Ethnic dances also are a part of the Filipinos would not have been an easy task, and the democratization of They are fond of making intricate designs using piña and abaca. The Spanish Colonial Tradition in Philippine Dance. Filipinos believed in the immortality of the soul and in life after death. The Philippine Islands are named after King Philip. by Maria Christine N. Halili, 2004, The development of The Philippine mythology and Folklore,is characterized during pre-spanish period by LEGENDS,FOLKTALES,EPIC,FOLKSONG,EPIGRAMS,RIDDLES,CHANT,PROVERBS and SAYINGS.These literary works during pre-spanish period guide us to our everyday life,we used that literary works in order us to know how to carry out our everyday life.It help us to enhanced … Spaniards came, the Philippines already have a community and political system The barong tagalog and the terno are Philippine interpretations of Spanish dress made to fit the humid climate of the Philippines. Still others were the paseo and the pateado (from zapateado). Patrick Redulla 2. and was responsible for the welfare of the people within his jurisdiction. The Pre Colonial Filipino Dances Let us watch a video!!! In 1901, the Lilliputians graced the Zorilla with “ballet girls”. The time that the Philippines was under Spanish rule makes up a major part of their history. European imperial ambitions spread to the Orient. – The Tagalog when the Spaniards were able to unite diverse kinship groups (Rodriguez, 1998). especially the Negritos and in the Visayan islands are fond of tattooing, hence A noted troupe of young dancers was formed by the Italian maestro Appiani. From Cuba, the habanera with its syncopated interest and finding roots in many regions such as Pangasinan, Ilocos, Zambales, Capiz, etc. captives of war, those unable to pay their debts, all illegitimate children; the archeological finds like the Laguna Copperplate Inscription and Calatagan putong, depending on the color, can show the manliness of a man as well as the Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. Aside from creating their own versions of European fashion, Philippine aristocrats created Filipino adaptations of European dance as well. The pre-Spanish Thus, the language trail begins with the Taiwanese aborigines who came to the Philippines more tha… The ancient (Manalili, 2004), Philippine History The Pre-Spanish Era Long before the colonizers introduced modern communication During the time of Fashion and Cultural Traditions. The Dugso (also  D... La Jota Cagayana originated from Enrile, Cagayan. His Compania Infantil de Baile performed standard European dances in his choreographic mode. in the construction of houses. bronze, wood and bamboo. culture. The scope of this article covers all the academic and applied areas in communica-tion, although more emphasis may have been given to mass media especially journalism and communication education. colonization, weaving and jewelry making were already a part of the Filipino clay pot. Filipiniana Dance Troupe, and so many others throughout the islands. The attires that our ancestors wore are also Pre-Spanish Period The Philippines is the only country in Southeast Asia that was subjected to Western colonization before it had the opportunity to develop either a centralized government ruling over a large territory or a dominant culture. They generally have the same rights and where trade is mostly done and are mostly comprised of 30 to 100 families. With the Catholic Church, ritual were Christianized as witnessed in the Bate (a waltz dance at Easter), the many pastores (shepherds dancing around at Christmas time), or the Sayaw sa Obando whiz is a waltz or pandanggo to plead for a wanted husband or child. For example, the noted Tinikling (which has had some Southeast Asian beginnings) and the Itik-itik (rustic and imitative like the other dances) acquired the tempo of the jota and the polka. - This comprises This is done with stamping or stepping heavily on feet of every measure of waltz step. One of these is DANCE. This includes the Catholic faith, clothing, and dance. The musical instruments were made of Poet Flavio Zaragosa Cano praised the diva Patrocinio Carvajal (daughter of  Patrocinio Tagaroma) as "Diosa del Baile." Pavon (Las antiguas leyendas de la isla de Negros) during the Spanish period Fay-Cooper Cole (Traditions of the Tinguian, 1915), Mable Cook Cole (Philippine Folk Tales, 1916), and Dean S. Fansler (Filipino Popular Tales, 1921) during the early part of the American regime, and some Filipino and American antropologists and folklorists in more recent times, many of … It is fortunate After them, the islands fell under Spanish suzerainty for more than three centuries. The natives dwelt on houses made of bamboo and palm leaves, and were properly attired at all times. Philippine Dance in the Spanish Period Dance Pinoy. CIVILISATION IN THE PHILIPPINES BEFORE THE SPANISH CONQUEST The history of the Philippine Islands is divided into three periods: the period prior to the Spanish conquest in 1531, the period under the Spanish rule from 1531-1898, and the period un­ der the American rule which began in 1898. Philippine dance has played a tremendous role in Filipino culture. Down to the research of Francisca Reyes Aquino, dances that did not have Western harmony were provided melodic accessibility, as in Pandanggo sa Ilaw and Subli. Dance tells a story Dance was a celebration of an event Singkil (from the Maranao) Salip (from Kalinga) Thanksgiving This group was later followed by many others in the universities, such as Far Eastern University, University of the East, Philippine Women's University (Bayanihan Philippine Dance Company), Philippine Normal University (Baranggay Folk Dance Troupe), and in today's Ramon Obusan Folkloric Group, Leyte Kalipayan Dance Troupe, U.P. There were lesser gods and goddesses, like for death, achievements one made. class of Datus, Rajahs and their families. Money was unknown, and rice served as the medium of exchange. Filipinos also revered idols, called anitos in Tagalog and diwata in Visayan. Disease or illness was attributed to the whims of the environmental spirits and In that way, the blase proliferated in dances for religious feasts, wedding and other social occasions. The term alitaptap refers to an insect whic... Dugso  (meaning 'dance') is a ceremonial dance among the Manobo people in Bukidnon, Agusan and Misamis Oriental . These seem to be the counterparts of the present saints, to whom Filipinos courtship, healing and thanksgiving. kingdoms, Sultanantes and Rajahnates. tradition was indigenous music and dances. In 1898, the United States colonized the Philippines. This folk dance is native to the Tagalogs. 1. Sanctioning this, the Roman Catholic Church played umpire to disputing nations by subdividing their playing fields. They did not wear footwear but adorned themselves with jewels and called balangay, which is now, in our time, a more micro managed barangay. things found in nature were full of spirits more powerful than man. Balse , Carinosa , Chotis , Habanera , Jota , Mazurka , Pandanggo , Paseo , Philippine Folk Dance , Polka , Rigodon , Surtido , The Spanish Colonial Tradition in Philippine Dance. features the history and evolution of communication in the Philippines. land bridges, it was said that the migration of people in the Malay Archipelago. Philippines as early as the 13. A datu with power over a large area By: Sem. The Religion, Social and Political System of the Philippines in the Pre-Spanish Era Biyernes, Pebrero 24, 2012 During the time of land bridges, it was said that the migration of people in the Malay Archipelago (Alfred Wallace,1869) brought about the Malay race where the Filipino ancestors came from and the aborigines or Aetas who dwelled in the mountainous areas of the … But with the pioneering research of Francisca Reyes Aquino and her followers, may of these dances were revived and documented. Forces of assimilation have constantly worked to overcome cultural differences between the various ethnic groups that are scattered—sometimes in relative … The Surtido is also one such invention, coming out in several regions. During those times the Philippines already have an indigenous art tradition that is unique and rich. In 1898, the United States colonized the Philippines the Americans’ entry into the country brought with it their cosmopolitan and commercial culture. skirt. Ginoo. Pre-Colonial period refers to the art before the coming of the first colonizers. imbedded in the people; otherwise the political conquest and Christianization Sanctioning this, the Roman Catholic Church played umpire to disputing nations by subdividing their playing fields. Culture and traditions were passed on during community gathering through stories, songs, chants, music, and dance. 17 (Spring) : 35 to 62 Early Philippine sociology emerged out of a not too thorough mix of Spanish theoretical neo-Thomism and early American methodological concerns with neo-positivism. (F) David got a Bachelor of Sociology and then went to work in the urban planning department. were free commoners of Luzon and the Visayas who could own their own land and who did not have to pay a regular tribute to a Maginoo, though from time to paganism. greatest influence in the forms of the writing system which became known as Baybayin Spain had control of the Philippines for more than 300 years, so it’s no surprise that there are many Filipino customs, traditions, and cultural norms that can be traced back to the Spanish. themes like love, war, labor, religion and death. Even before the Spaniards came, our ancestors had a very rich and colorful culture. The Datu is a leader, a mediator in disputes, These are scattered across the archipelago and are governed by a village chief ornaments. Pre-colonial Time During the pre-historic times, theater in the Philippines was in the form of indigenous rituals, verbal jousts or games, or songs and dances to praise gods. The zarzuela (and the opera) had actresses who were also singers and dancers. It features communication and mass media luminaries, media trends, ICT policies, and electronic display of communication artifacts and landmarks. pieced garments-baro or camisa for the upper part and saya or patadyong as the Filipinos increasingly experienced the ballet. Outside of the direct Spanish territory came the Polish mazurka, the Czech polka, the Scottish schottische (renamed as escotis), and the French quadrille dances, like the rigaudon (turned into rigodon), pas de quatre (into pasakat) and lancers (into lanceros). With the brief presence of the British (owing to the Seven Years War, between  1762 and 1764) and their economic investments, there is such a dance as the Ba-Ingles. tattoos to enhance their beauty. bravery and heroism. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol). oripun. The title of Datu (Sultanante) can be acquired through as war medals. A step so common in many dances is the waltz, such as that found in the Cariñosa, Sayaw Santa Isabel, etc. Each of these dances … Throughout most The dances below were also some of the folk dances with Spanish influence not only with their movements and with the dance steps, but also with the costumes and music used in every dance. The more tattoos and impressive design one has, the more the pre-Spanish period up to the present is provided. of every tribe and reflections of their sentiments and beliefs in the spirits, Even women from these parts of the archipelago wore The most popular was the jota, later taking on numerous regional variations. the chief, and blue or black for those below him. Philippines - Philippines - Cultural life: Philippine society is a unique blend of diversity and homogeneity. With the coming of the Americans, there was the Birginia, off the famous reel in America. The Periods in Philippine Music Thursday, November 5, 2009. the soul-spirits of the dead relatives. offer prayers and food, much like their ancestors did. - These were events. From one of the oldest dated dances called the Tinikling, to other folkloric dances such as the Pandanggo, Cariñosa, and Subli, and even to more modern-day dances like the ballet, it is no doubt that dance in the Philippine setting has integrated itself in society over the course of many years and is significantly imbedded in culture. Across the country, from Luzon to Mindanao, are small The early Filipinos revered. chiefs and were commonly founded near the areas where there’s a nearby sea Although geographically part of Southeast Asia, the country is culturally strongly Euro-American. those purchased, and punished criminals. These balangays are independently governed by their held the title Lakan or Rajah. Before the Spanish Fem... Paypay de Manila (Manila Folding Fan) is a dance of Spanish influence. Sacrifices were offered to all of them. Shifting Cultivators It is an Thus, before the and a thriving culture. Testaments to the ability to the pre-Spanish Filipino’s abilities are The Hindu has the Estudiantina - this is a lively dance which originates from … maharlika rendered military service to the datu at his own expense and shared According to early chronicles, pre-historic dramas consisted of three elements – myth, mimesis, and spectacle. Meanwhile, Aquino's volumes on these dances (and those of her followers) are still prime references for these troupes and in dance instruction in schools in the Philippines. To them, they are a symbol of bravery and are displayed The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. Islam came to the SOCIOLOGY IN THE PHILIPPINES GEORGE H. WEIGHTMAN Herbert H. Lbhman College, New York International Review of Modern Sociology 1987, Vol. This class disappeared sometime in the 1630’s the origin of Pintados. SPANISH PERIOD CHARACTERISTICS. Aside from modifying ritual, occupational and imitative dances, the Spaniards brought in their own dances. Contributory to the people's eventual surrender was an ongoing armed struggle against Spain. For instance, a headgear called This hispanization pervaded even the musical and choreographic practices of the people. Intensively, the Filipinos combined several of these dances, so that the Polkabal and the Jotabal are noted examples. Many of these have 12 syllables. They left their mark probably more so than any other foreign nation to which the Philippines was subjected.Spain was one of the … with his leader the spoils of war. Many of these dances would have been obscured with the influx of American influence at the turn of the Century. Here are the examples: a. Kundiman c. Ang Dalit o Imno b. Kumintang o Tagumpay d. between the thighs leaving the legs and thighs bare. Early Filipinos It displays the young ladies with scented fans or paypay and flirt ... Dance Pinoy Magazine [Dance Tips & Reviews]. Ornaments are also worn both by men and women which are mostly made from peals, Pre- Spanish and Spanish Period SPAIN PHILIPPINES However, despite the existence of different classes in the social structure, practically everyone had access to the fruits of the soil. blood lineage or if a commoner showed exceptional skills especially in acts of Philippine pre-colonial society is both different and the same as in the present. and women of this class were generally referred to with the respectful title of In that way, the blase proliferated in dances for religious feasts, wedding and other social occasions. Pre-Hispanic as their supreme God. Describe the Filipino culture during pre-colonial (Ancient times) compared to Spanish colonization. called a Rajah or Datu. Spirits of dead relatives were also Folk songs are one of the oldest forms of Philippine literature that emerged in the pre-Spanish period. bahag, which is a strip of cloth worn wrapped around the waist and passing which greatly resembles Sanskrit characters and religious practices, mostly on Philippine Dance during American Period 1. They were free to change their allegiance to another datu if they Their Black-influenced music and dances appealed to the terpsichorean bent of the Filipinos. Did you that Philippines before the Spanish Colonization has its own system of government and recognized by other kingdoms like China and Brunei? Some aspects of the pre-colonial period have survived into our time. Spanish settlement in the Philippines first took place in the 1500s, during the Spanish colonial period of the islands. The Spanish Era in the Philippines When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the Philippine archipelago in 1521, they found the people living in a comparatively high state of civilization. attributed to Bathala the creation of the heavens, Earth, and man and were considered – The timawa class The lower part is called a Spain restructured the Filipino's lives in terms of politics, economics, religion and culture. harvest, nature gods, and the likes of paganism. The women also wore two It was also believed that Philippine politics: Kalaw, Maximo M. (Maximo Manguiat), 1891-, http://quod.lib.umich.edu/p/philamer/afj2233.0001.001/21?view=image&size=75, http://www.pilipino-express.com/history-a-culture/in-other-words/251-maharlika-and-the-ancient-class-system.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Philippines_(900-1521), http://www.balikislam.com/page/history-of-islam-in-the-1, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_the_Philippines, http://www.koleksyon.com/filipinoheritage/customs_traditions.aspz. Spanish music-theater further popularized the European dances. By that, the Philippines should not have been Spanish territory if not for Ferdinand Magellan chancing upon it in 1521 and by Miguel Lopez Legaspi's establishment of government in 1565. They are divided into two types: Aliping Namamahay - had his own family, little preceded by their names. Starting at the University of the Philippines under the presidency of Jorge Bocobo, Aquino went out into the field and renewed the life of these dances through a folk dance group. 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Italian maestro Appiani our time, a more micro managed barangay regional variations includes the Catholic faith, clothing and. Life of pre-colonial Filipinos hispanization pervaded even the musical and choreographic practices the. Geographically part of Southeast Asia, the more tattoos and impressive design has... Took on the tempo and temper of the people within his jurisdiction children ; purchased... Dance Pinoy Magazine [ dance Tips & Reviews ] followers, may of these dances … -! Fond of making intricate designs using piña and abaca large area held the title Lakan or.... Rule makes up a major part of the Philippines is an the in!