[48][49], The idea and initial development of Reddit originated with then college roommates Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian in 2005. Reddit (/ ˈ r ɛ d ɪ t /, stylized in all lowercase) is an American social news aggregation, web content rating, and discussion website.. [70], Reddit launched two different ways of advertising on the site in 2009. [114] The mascot was created in 2005 while company co-founder Alexis Ohanian was an undergraduate at the University of Virginia. [221] Many of the default subreddits are highly moderated, with the "science" subreddit banning climate change denialism,[222] and the "news" subreddit banning opinion pieces and columns. [174] Reddit CEO Steve Huffman has also advocated for net neutrality rules. I don't even know what to think right now. [145] In 2019, Reddit hired former Twitter ad director Shariq Rizvi as its vice president of ad products and engineering. [297], In February 2019, Chinese company Tencent invested $150 million into Reddit as part of its Series D.[298][299] This resulted in a large backlash from Reddit users, who were worried about potential censorship. What do you think? [57][58], The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. "[129] Nissan ran a successful branded content promotion offering users free gifts to publicize a new car,[130][131] though the company was later ridiculed for suspected astroturfing when the CEO only answered puff piece questions on the site. ", "Celebrity Naked Photos Leaked – #theFappening – So You Have A Girlfriend", "The Fappening Is Being Broadcast Live On Reddit With 100,000+ Viewers", "Security expert weighs in on 'The Fappening' and the iCloud", "Hunt begins for hacker behind Jennifer Lawrence nude photo theft", "Jennifer Lawrence nude photos leaked: Hacker posts explicit pics", "There's child porn in the massive celebrity nudes hack", "Reddit just banned the subreddit at the center of Celebgate", "Users lash out at Reddit boss for 'deleting' posts on hubby's lawsuit", "Reddit bans communities including 'Fat People Hate' as users say anti-harassment policies could be 'beginning of the end, "Users Flock To Voat As Reddit Shuts Harassing Groups", "What should social networks do about hate speech? [59][60] Ohanian later wrote that instead of labeling Swartz as a co-founder, the correct description is that Swartz's company was acquired by Reddit 6 months after he and Huffman had started. If a user clicked the button the timer was globally reset to 60 seconds,[188] and the user's "flair" (an icon next to the user's name) changed color. [118][34] It has an office in the Tenderloin neighborhood. [173] In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests. [231] A group of users obtained his personal details, and began to blackmail him for the codes. This was done in protest of the recent firing of Victoria Taylor, an administrator who helped organize citizen-led interviews with famous people on the popular "Ask me Anything" subreddit. The site was unblocked later. [230], On October 18, 2011, an IT manager submitted a post to the subreddit r/gameswap offering Redditors to trade one of 312 codes he had been given for the game Deus Ex: Human Revolution. [165] It has also been used for self-organizing sociopolitical activism such as protests, communication with politicians and active communities. do you have the edexcel a october 2020 paper 3 (not the international one the one we do in the uk). For months leading up to the Charlottesville "Unite the Right" riot, The_Donald participants shared memes with the slogan "All Lives Splatter" captioning cartoons of protesters being run over. [191] Many people worked together to create large graphics, such as flags or symbols. Contains January 2020 and October 2020, for Physics, Chemistry, Biology … "Reddit CEO Steve Huffman: 'We know your dark secrets. Evidence of online performance deterioration in user sessions on Reddit. General motors entry level software developer reddit. The Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education Advanced Level (GCE A-Level) examination is an annual national examination that is taken by school and private candidates, in Singapore. It displayed a button and a 60-second countdown timer. [306] Larger subreddits affected by the bans included r/The_Donald, a subreddit intended for the support of President Donald Trump,[307] r/GenderCritical,[308] the platform's largest and most active anti-transgender radical feminist subreddit,[309] and r/ChapoTrapHouse, a far-left subreddit originally created by fans of the podcast Chapo Trap House. [26][27] In addition to commenting and voting, registered users can also create their own subreddit on a topic of their choosing. [114] Snoo's purpose is to discover and explore humanity. [45] Individual chat rooms were rolled out in 2017 and community chat rooms for members of a given subreddit were rolled out in 2018. [109] Users still can upload images to Reddit using Imgur. [152] Users tend to be significantly younger than average with less than 1% of users being 65 or over. [180], During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" [153][154], Users have used Reddit as a platform for their charitable and philanthropic efforts. [253][254], On December 18, 2014, Reddit took the unusual step of banning a subreddit, "SonyGOP", that was being used to distribute hacked Sony files. Reddit, Inc. ... She joined Reddit's Board of Directors in November 2020. [223] Reddit has changed its site-wide editorial policies several times, sometimes in reaction to controversies. [255], After Ellen Pao became CEO, she was initially a target of criticism by users who objected to the deletion of content critical of herself and her husband. [281][282] He did so by changing insulting comments made towards him and made it appear as if the insult were directed at the moderators of r/The_Donald. [89][39] The company generates revenue in part through advertising and premium memberships that remove ads from the site. 8807 GENERAL PAPER GCE ADVANCED LEVEL H1 SYLLABUS (2020) 2 INTRODUCTION 1. [97] In a September 2017 announcement, the company stated that "we've been doing a bad job of keeping our open-source product repos up to date", partially because "open-source makes it hard for us to develop some features 'in the clear' ... without leaking our plans too far in advance", prompting the decision to archive its public GitHub repos. Get all of Hollywood.com's best Movies lists, news, and more. The countdown reached zero several times due to technical problems but eventually expired without further problems on June 5, 2015, after which the subreddit was archived.[189]. [194] The order of the GIFs and text slides were chosen by users through upvoting one GIF or text slide per scene. Comments were added in 2005[19][105] and interest-based groups (called 'subreddits') were introduced in 2008. I just finished COMLEX LEVEL III. Posted November 23, 2020 at 2:15pm President-elect Joe Biden said longtime climate hawk and former diplomat John Kerry will serve in his administration as a key adviser on climate change. [76] In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests. The website generally lets moderators on individual subreddits make editorial decisions about what content to allow, and has a history of permitting some subreddits dedicated to controversial content. Determining the influence of Reddit posts on Wikipedia pageviews, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Reddit&oldid=1002163210, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from August 2018, Pages using Sister project links with wikidata namespace mismatch, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 04:12. [50] Their initial idea, My Mobile Menu, was unsuccessful,[53][54] and was intended to allow users to order food by SMS text messaging. [102] Reddit removed Alien Blue and released its official application, Reddit: The Official App, on Google Play and the iOS App Store in April 2016. [199] AMAs have featured CEO Steve Huffman,[200] as well as figures from the entertainment industry (including Elizabeth Banks and George Clooney),[141][201] literature (Margaret Atwood),[202] space (Buzz Aldrin),[203] privacy (Edward Snowden),[204] and others, such as experts who answered questions about the transgender community. Those who break the rule are subject to a site-wide ban, and their posts and even entire communities may be removed for breaking the rule. [15] A key feature to Reddit is that users can cast positive or negative votes, called upvotes and downvotes respectively, for each post and comment on the site. [101] For several years, redditors relied on third-party apps to access Reddit on mobile devices. For April Fools' Day' 2018, an experiment launched on the subreddit r/circleoftrust. [252] The scandal led to wider criticisms concerning the website's administration from The Verge and The Daily Dot. [185], ISPs in India were found to be blocking traffic over Reddit for intermittent periods in some regions in 2019. Participants there describe "meme magic" as the idea that the internet memes they create can be willed into existence. [114] In 2011, Ohanian outlined the logo's evolution with a graphic that showcased several early versions, including various spellings of the website name, such as "Reditt". "[182], In May 2014 Reddit was blocked in Indonesia on the grounds that it hosts content that includes nudity. [116] Redditors can also submit their own logos, which sometimes appear on the site's front page, or create their own customized versions of Snoo for their communities (or "subreddits"). A beginner's guide to the front page of the internet", "The Meaning of 35 Brand Names, From Etsy to Reddit", "Reddit is extremely popular. [112] Registered users can opt-out from the redesign and use "Old Reddit" which continues to use the previous design. [34] In 2017, the company was valued at $1.8 billion during a $200 million round of new venture funding. Here are 15 un-Disneylike mishaps and incidents that occurred at Disneyland, exposing the "man behind the curtain" and showing the fallible humanity behind the mouse. [235] The family later confirmed Tripathi's death was a result of suicide. ", "My Gift to Reddit: I created an image hosting service that doesn't suck. [174] On another day, the front page was overtaken by posts showcasing campaign donations received by members of Congress from the telecommunications industry. [277][278], In September 2016, a Redditor named mormondocuments released thousands of administrative documents belonging to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, an action driven by the ex-Mormon and atheist communities of that site. Between November 2005 and January 2006, Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug. The experiment ended on April 6, 2018. For example, one of the studies showed how it can support role-based group recommendations or evaluating group stability and growth. [138], Reddit announced that they would begin using VigLink to redirect affiliate links in June 2016. [151] In 2016 the Pew Research Center published research showing that 4% of U.S. adults use Reddit, of which 67% are men. [147] Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. Its stance has changed more recently. [19] It was the result of an initiative by Huffman upon returning to Reddit, who said the site's outdated look deterred new users. [39][38], As part of its company culture, Reddit operates on a no-negotiation policy for employee salaries. [318] Another study evoked a connection between cognitive and attention dynamics and the usage of online social peer production platforms, including the effects of deterioration of user performance. [19] The new site features a hamburger menu to help users navigate the site, different views, and new fonts to better inform redditors if they are clicking on a Reddit post or an external link. Unregistered users can access it via old.reddit.com. [114], Reddit is a private company based in San Francisco, California. [148] Additionally, the user base of Reddit has given birth to other websites, including image sharing community and image host Imgur, which started in 2009 as a gift to Reddit's community. [84], After five years away from the company, Ohanian and Huffman returned to leadership roles at Reddit: Ohanian became the full-time executive chairman in November 2014 following Wong's resignation, while Pao's departure on July 10, 2015, led to Huffman's return as the company's chief executive. The experiment consisted of a community-driven sequencer that users interacted with by submitting GIFs or text slides to be compiled into a movie. I am so scared I failed. [139][140], Since 2017, Reddit has partnered with companies to host sponsored AMAs and other interactive events,[141][142] increased advertising offerings,[143] and introduced efforts to work with content publishers. [285][286], On November 30, 2016 CEO Steve Huffman announced changes to the algorithm of their r/all page to block 'stickied' posts from a number of subreddits, such as r/The_Donald. [36] Subreddits often use themed variants of Reddit's alien mascot, Snoo, in the visual styling of their communities. [11][12] In July 2017, Reddit raised $200 million for a $1.8 billion valuation, with Advance Publications remaining the majority stakeholder. [228] Following some controversial incidents of Internet vigilantism, Reddit introduced a strict rule against the publication of non-public personally-identifying information via the site (colloquially known as doxxing). [263][264][265] Pao posted a response on July 3 as well as an extended version of it on July 6 in which she apologized for bad communication and not delivering on promises. [260] The blackout intensified on July 3 when former community manager David Croach gave an AMA about being fired. [90], On December 13, 2020, Reddit announced it had acquired short-form video social platform Dubsmash, hiring its entire team, with the intention integrating its video creation tools into Reddit. [72] Also during this time, Reddit began accepting the digital currency Bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase in February 2013. "How Bernie Sanders' Online Army Is Using Reddit to Fuel His 2016 Campaign Surge", "The Surprising Ways You Ruined Your Interview Before You Even Opened Your Mouth", "The March for Science began with this person's 'throwaway line' on Reddit", "Are scientists going to march on Washington? Advanced Level Higher 1 (2020) (Syllabus 8807) CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION 2 AIMS 2 ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVES AND SKILLS 2 SCHEME OF ASSESSMENT 3 . [24], In a 2014 interview with Memeburn, Erik Martin, then general manager of Reddit, remarked that their "approach is to give the community moderators or curators as much control as possible so that they can shape and cultivate the type of communities they want". The experiment ended at April 3, 2019, 11:08 PM GMT.[195]. [115] Many subreddits have a customized Snoo logo to represent the subreddit. [77], Yishan Wong joined Reddit as CEO in 2012. Education led to the recovery of much ability but language and social skills remained poor. Moyer, D., Carson, S. L., Dye, T. K., Carson, R. T., & Goldbaum, D. (2015). Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts [48][85] After Huffman rejoined Reddit as CEO, he launched Reddit's iOS and Android apps, fixed Reddit's mobile website, and created A/B testing infrastructure. Meanwhile, r/popular features top-ranked posts across all of Reddit, excluding NSFW communities and others that are most commonly filtered out by users (even if they are safe for work). r/alevel: This is a place to discuss AS and A2 subjects. [10] Their investment valued the company at $500 million then. The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) has released the details of the Combined Higher Secondary Level (CHSL) exam on its website. All copyright and publishing rights are owned by S-cool. 117 ] over the years that followed, the site in 2009 Commission as it $... Was launched involving the `` front page of the Internet Defense League, a social experiment subreddit r/sequence. Syllabus ( 2020 ) processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching stylized in all lowercase ) an. 261 ] [ 38 ], the church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day,. Reddit Disneyland has a reputation for being clean and immaculate, but spun. 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Public Notice of Student Fee Increases/Decreases Nov 3, 2020 experiment consisted of time-traveling..., Donald Trump supporters on r/The_Donald generally agree that white genocide is occurring 2006, Swartz fired... 200 million round of new venture funding announced his plans to do so during... Join or betray any other user circles Association for Psychedelic studies, the site ad-free 223 ] Reddit site... Of Student Fee Increases/Decreases Nov 3, 2019, Reddit joined the Defense... They ’ re comfortable with. a similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $ for.